When your kidneys don’t work well for longer than 3 months, doctors call it chronic kidney disease. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Other than diabetes the chronic disease can be caused due to high sugar levels cause severe damage to blood vessels in the kidneys.
Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms, Causes, And Preventions!
It is impossible to predict how quickly or slowly kidney function will decline, but repeated monitoring over time can give us a good idea. If you’re interested in finding out more, you can check out this article “Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms, Causes And Natural Treatment” to know more about it. Read on.
What is Chronic Kidney disease?
Chronic Kidney disease also called chronic kidney failure, describes the gradual loss of kidney function. It means your kidneys are damaged and can’t filter blood the way they should, it is called a chronic disease because the damage to your kidneys happens slowly over a long period of time.
This damage can build up wastes in your body and other health problems. Developing problems affecting the heart and blood vessels such as heart attacks and strokes are the major risk with CKD. Also, Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD puts people at an increased risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI). AKI is a sudden decline in kidney function, often related to an acute illness or infection such as a urinary tract or chest infection.
Symptoms of Chronic kidney disease
Here is a list of major symptoms of kidney disease may include:
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Sleep problems
- Changes in how much you urinate
- Decreased mental sharpness
- Muscle twitches and cramps
- Swelling of feet and ankles
- High blood pressure that’s difficult to control
- Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs
- Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart
Causes of Chronic kidney disease
Here is a list of diseases and conditions that cause chronic kidney disease include:
- Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
- Glomerulonephritis – an inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units
- Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, from conditions such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones, and some cancers
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Recurrent kidney infection also called pyelonephritis
- Vesicoureteral reflux, a condition that causes urine to back up into your kidneys
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To reduce the risk of developing kidney disease preventions:
- Follow the instructions
Follow the instructions on the package while using nonprescription pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). And if you have kidney disease taking too pain relievers could lead to kidney damage and generally should be avoided. So ask your doctor whether these are drugs is safe for you.
- Maintain a healthy weight
If you are at a healthy weight, maintain it by physical activity, and if you need to lose weight talk with your doctor about the strategies for healthy weight loss. This physical activity can help to reduce calories.
- Don’t smoke
Smoking damages your kidneys and can make the existing kidney damage worse. So if you are a smoker try to avoid smoking, support groups, counseling, and medications can help you to stop smoking.
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